Abstract：This paper is the design of mechanical line processing of the gearbox in the pattern analysis of the gearbox after, at the same time according to the design process of the fixture requirements.
The main content is the processing of the gearbox surface and the hole. The processing route is long, processing time, high processing cost, the machining precision requirement is high. In accordance with the requirements of the machining process, follow the principle of the surface after the first hole, and the hole and the plane processingclearly divided into roughing and finishing stages of processing to ensure accuracy. The basis choice to the bottom as a rough benchmark, the bottom with two hole as abenchmark, various parameters needed to process its processing and processing of.
In parts of fixture design, mainly according to the requirements of machining process, analysis of the number of degrees of freedom should be restricted, and then according to the surface features of parts of the selected positioning element, then analysis the selected components can be defined positioning should be limited degrees of freedom. Determine the location components also need to select the clamping element, finally is to determine the structure of special fixture.
Keywords: reducer; processing technology; process; special fixture